It doesn’t matter how much you are an experienced tourist and how many times you have been on a camping trip, 2 times or 15 times At any time during your trip, an accident may occur. As a rule, anything can happen to you: a slight cut, poisoning, sunstroke, cold, etc. To be ready for any trouble, you need a hiking first aid kit at least with a basic set of medical devices.
Keep in mind that every medicine have different effects on the body of people, someone may have an allergic reaction or slight intolerance. Therefore, during the collection of hiking first aid kits, you should consult your doctor. Such a reinsurance will help you avoid a situation where the medicine is even more harmful to human health.
Basic medicines that need to be put in a hiking first aid kit
In this article, we divided the medical devices into different categories and explained their purpose, so that it would be more convenient for you to look for those medicines that can help you in case of trouble during the trip.
Analgesics (against pain)
One of the most essential medicines. Medicine in this group have an analgesic effect. This is very important because many injuries are accompanied by severe pain and can lead to a state of painful shock. At least 3 different analgesics should be put into the hiking first aid kit: from headache, from pain in teeth and joints; from pain during menstruation of women; analgesics in ampoules that will be applied during unbearable pain, fractures, large wounds and bruises.
Antipyretic (against high temperature)
Antipyretics – these medicine are antipyretic. This group of medicines is also needed in the hiking first aid kit. The temperature of the human body can rise not only because of the disease, but also because of severe injuries. Don’t force down the high temperature. Since the majority of harmful and pathogenic microbes die at high temperatures, the body, as a rule, can cope with the remnants of infection or disease itself.
Antihistamine (against allergies)
You can be sure that you do not have any allergies, but reinsurance in the campaign is still needed. Put a small pack of anti-allergy pills in your first-aid kit. Some plants can cause you a strong diathesis, which you might not even be aware of. If you are allergic, then put in the hiking first aid kit only those funds that your attending physician prescribed.
Antiemetics – a means against vomiting. No one is immune from indigestion or poor-quality food. You can make several sandwiches in the morning, and in the evening they will have time to get pretty spoiled, making your stomach a real storm. There is a risk that the food eaten can have a sudden reaction to the body in the open air.
Anti-inflammatory medicine (for external use only)
Because of the injury, inflammation can go into your body. This may interfere with your movement or cause severe pain. Always put anti-inflammatories for external use in your hiking first aid kit. It can be ointments and creams, which are now full in pharmacies in your city.
Antispasmodics (from spasms)
Medicine of this group are aimed at eliminating spasms of smooth walls and muscles of internal organs. Antispasmodics help to cope with abdominal pain and menstrual pain in women.
What kind of stimulants to put in a hiking first aid kit
Such medicine are used only in the most extreme cases. The most common stimulant that is put into a first-aid kit is adrenaline. This vital tool in the first-aid kit of a person with allergies. Adrenaline helps to get a person out of anaphylactic shock. It is also used for cardiac arrest or attacks of asthma.
During the trip, situations may occur that cause a person to experience extreme stress. Sometimes it can interfere with the person himself and his group. In order to quickly come to the senses the tourist must take intoxicating means.
Expectorants (for cough)
It’s easy enough to get sick on a hike, which makes it very difficult for a person to travel. For even breathing and comfort, it is always necessary to have expectorants with you in order to injure the tourist’s throat less.
Laxative (against intestinal constipation)
These tools will help to cope with constipation, stimulating the bowels. In addition, laxatives are used to remove toxins and poisons from the stomach and intestines of humans.
What disinfectants to put in a hiking first aid kit?
Any wound, even the smallest, must be treated with disinfectants. Now there are a lot of such products, it is recommended to take with them several different disinfectants: alcohol, hydrogen peroxide, iodine, etc.
Always take a panthenol-based burn protection. This tool not only soothes and protects the skin, but is also perfect for treating minor wounds: scratches, cuts, bruises.
Even a simple cold can turn your journey into a real hell. The inability to breathe normally will greatly reduce physical abilities, you will get tired quickly, and breathing will be uneven. Always carry a cold remedy, which can quickly clear your nose for free breathing.
Sorbents – medicine that remove toxic substances from the human body. The most common sorbent is activated carbon. It is inexpensive and can be found in any pharmacy.
Medical instruments and dressings to be included in the hiking first aid kit
- Sharp scissors in the case;
- Disposable syringes with needles included;
- A scalpel or sharp small knife;
- Rubber pipette;
- Measuring cup;
- Surgical needles for stitching wounds and threads that dissolve themselves. needle holders;
- safety pins;
- Medical sterile gloves;
- Tonometer with phonendoscope;
- Burn package;
- Medical glue for wounds;
- Bandages (elastic, rubber);
- cloth harness;
- Materials for dressing (gauze bandages, patches, sterile wipes, cotton);
- Hygiene products (razor, pocket mirror, comb, toothbrush and toothpaste, hand cream);